battle of brandywine casualty list

Journal of the American Revolution also produces annual hardcover volumes, a branded book series, and the podcast, Dispatches. Your email address will not be published. The two detached regiments guarded three additional fords, Jones’s, Wistar’s and Buffington’s, spreading elements of the division four miles to the north. He is not included as one of the forty causalities for this reason. During the spring of 1777, Washington assembled elements of the newly formed, but seriously under-strength and untested, eighty-eight-battalion Continental Army in the Hudson River Valley for the 1777 campaign season. Thank you for confirming my thoughts on the value of a visit to the textual records section of the National Archives to research the pension files of the men of the 9th PA. The British general Sir William Howe was lured to Philadelphia in the belief that its large Tory element would rise up when joined by a British army and thus virtually remove Pennsylvania from the war. Our work has been featured by the New York Times, TIME magazine, History Channel, Discovery Channel, Smithsonian, Mental Floss, NPR, and more. To name the fallen and those intimately involved is not only an act of gratitude but a reminder of the grit and determination necessary for a citizenry to sustain a democracy. Only 40 of the British Army's casualties were Hessians. Library and Archives Canada, RG 8, “C” Series, Volume 1904, 15, 27; “Jacob Ringler, a German, five feet nine inches high, eighteen years of age, fair complexion, wears his hair tied; it is probably he may pass for a British deserter, as he lately left them; had on and took with him a British coat, white cloth coloured jacket and breeches, yarn hose, good shoes, and a silver faced watch; he has been seen betwixt Potts Town and Reading some time past.” Pennsylvania Gazette, August 18, 1778. Another fact that stands out is the number of wounded men who returned to duty, eleven of the sixteen men or sixty-nine percent. A minimum of sixteen men received wounds on September 11, 1777. The player plays as the British, and the A.I. The Battle of Brandywine, or the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was a battle between the American army of Major General George Washington and the army of General Sir William Howe, comprising of British-Hessian army men. [16] Sullivan, Letters and Papers of Major-General John Sullivan, 549. On June 2, 2015, the President of the United States awarded Medal of Honor to Army Sgt. The 9th Pennsylvania provides a model upon which to gage the degree of turbulence experienced by most regimental-sized units in the Continental Line. Can you point me in the direction of other sources pertaining to the 9th Pennsylvania, and particularly the contribution of those from Westmoreland County? Most of the division disintegrated upon initial contact with the advancing British already deployed for the attack and prepared to assault Sterling’s and Stephen’s divisions. During the attack at Germantown the brigade drove one of the best trained units in the British Army over a mile from their initial defensive positions. A name-by-name comparison of the company rosters over the fifteen month period between May 1777 and July 1778 proves interesting. [20] Map 1 provides a graphic representation of General Howe’s flanking march and the initial defensive positions of the American forces through approximately 2:00 p.m. September 11, 1777. Gen. Thomas Conway’s 3rd Pennsylvania Brigade in Maj. Gen. Alexander’s (Lord Sterling) Division. Even more problematic is the challenge of identifying individual casualties by name. The war’s dynamic operating environment made accurate record keeping difficult, many localized engagements went unrecorded, and surviving records lack continuity even for larger engagements involving Continental Line units. Sterling and Stephen followed roads, first marching east then turning north and deploying along Birmingham Hill. Only one of the sixteen missing men returned to full duty with the regiment.[44]. Wounded include one sergeant, one corporal and fourteen privates. Otis G. Hammond (Concord, NH: New Hampshire Historical Society, 1930), 1:458, 474, 563. [49]. On September 11, 1777, the hamlet of Chadds Ford played host to one of the largest and deadliest battles of the American Revolutionary War, today called the Battle of Brandywine. The casualty data documenting forty men as KIA, WIA or MIA provides an insight into the intensity of combat experienced by the men of the 9th Pennsylvania at Brandywine. It is because of him that I am a member of the Sons of the American Revolution, and proud of his service to our country! I never tire of hearing about the sacrifices made by our forefathers. [28] Sullivan, Letters and Papers of Major-General John Sullivan, 465; Reed, Campaign to Valley Forge, 134; Harris, Brandywine, 299-322. This caught the division unprepared for enemy contact while in the act of redeploying. American General George Washingtonhad positioned his 20,000 Continental soldiers between the Chesapeake and Philadelphia in an attempt to defend the Continental Capital. There seems to be some confusion about where the wounded afore mentioned Adam Koch’s grave (McClellen) is located; one is Pennsylvania and the other North Carolina. [17] Washington assigned General Sullivan as the overall wing commander of this three-division force made up of six brigades containing about 4,000 soldiers. The British defeated the Americans and forced them to withdraw toward the rebel capital of Philadelphia. Table 1 lists the August 1777 payroll numbers for the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment for each of the eight companies and provides an estimated effective strength for the unit on September 11 at the Battle of Brandywine. John Brandt, Drum Maj. John Brown, and Fife Maj. James Johnston.[36]. Table 2 presents their names and companies. [37] Reviewing names and remarks from the company muster sheets and tracking individual names through the July 1778 muster records presents a total Brandywine casualty count of forty officers and men including eight KIA, sixteen WIA and sixteen missing in action (MIA). They were marching through the extreme southeastern corner of Pennsylvania and heading toward fledgling America's capital at Philadelphia. Your paper corroborates the 9th PA Regiment muster that lists Peter Miller and Benjamin Morris as KIA on September 11, 1777. The Battle of Brandywine was the largest single day engagement of the American Revolution where nearly 30,000 soldiers (not including civilians, teamsters, servants, and other members of the army) squared off on a ten square mile area of roughly 35,000 acres. Battle of Brandywine Aftermath . is the U.S. 1 Description 2 General Information 3 Notes 4 Units 5 History After landing from his transport ships in the American Coast, Major General Sir William Howe led the British troops eastwards, with the intent of capturing Philadelphia. The Battle of Brandywine Creek is a historical battle in Empire: Total War. The battle was inevitable as both camps had been planning for the battle beforehand. American Casualties. Facts about the Battle of Brandywine Armies - American Forces was commanded by Gen. George Washington and consisted of about 14,500 Soldiers. Casualties - American casualties were estimated to be 300 killed, 600 wounded, and 400 missing/captured. [2] Howard H. Peckham’s 1974 work remains the most comprehensive study of Revolutionary era American casualties and outlines the death, wounding, capture or disappearance of over 53,000 Americans. Recognizing the contributions and sacrifices of all combat veterans from any war is a meaningful American tradition. [12] Conway was not well liked by his officers possibly because he trained and regularly drilled the brigade, turning it into one of the best disciplined units in the Continental Army. [19] This disposition played an important role in the repositioning of the divisions to the north and contributed to the destruction of Sullivan’s division as a cohesive fighting force. I am curious to know if you have investigated the pension records for many of the men in the 9th Pennsylvania? The official British casualty list detailed 587 casualties: 93 killed (eight officers, seven sergeants and 78 rank and file); 488 wounded (49 officers, 40 sergeants, four drummers and 395 rank and file); and six rank and file missing unaccounted for. From my perspective, the most important information came in the form of anecdotes of individual experiences. [4] War Department, 9th Pennsylvania Regiment, 1777-1778, Folders 36-1 to 36-6; Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, roll 83); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington, DC. Only one man eventually returned to full duty and one was listed as a prisoner of war (POW) in January 1778; as with the other men, his name disappears from the unit musters. Taking up positions along Brandywine Creek, Washington mistakenly believed that his army blocked all fords across the Brandywine. Battle of Brandywine Aftermath The official British casualty list detailed 587 casualties: 93 killed (eight officers, seven sergeants and 78 rank and file); 488 wounded (49 officers, 40 sergeants, four drummers and 395 rank and file); and six rank and file missing unaccounted for Only 40 of the British Army's casualties were Hessians. Anthony Wayne’s division also fought a delaying action in the vicinity of Chad’s Ford. The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American Continental Army of General George Washington and the British Army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777, as part of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). An estimated 29,000 British and American troops gathered at the fledgling town populated mostly by peaceful Quakers. [43] One is left to wonder if these men were captured and given a choice of enlisting as Loyalists or life in a prison cell as treasonists, or if they were opportunists seeking the best option for their personal survival in a brutal civil war. The … [11] Conway, an Irish Catholic, had served in the French Army gaining combat experience against Frederick the Great prior to traveling to North America to serve with American forces in the Revolution. [34]  The seventy-two percent present and fit for duty is slightly higher than previously published research addressing the May to December 1777 time period for both Conway’s Brigade and the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment. You can help with this project by submitting names of persons you have come across in your research. [26] Nancy V. Webster, 1777 Battle of Brandywine Driving Tour (Brandywine Battlefield Park Associates, 1986), 2. These two divisions remained cohesive and covered the American retreat to Chester. Although the regimental headquarters experienced significant personnel turnover, the regimental senior leadership did not abandon the revolutionary cause nor did they leave their leadership positions because they were ineffective. Note 1:  Quartermaster Sergeant John Brandt was likely taken prisoner by the British along with the regimental wagons, although the record is not clear on this point. Battle of Brandywine reenactment at Sandy Hollow battlefield According to family accounts, my 5th Great Grandmother was Elizabeth Lewis Bishop,…, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION © 2018, Pennsylvania Regiment: Continental Deserters in the Philadelphia Campaign, August 1777 – June 1778, Pennsylvania Regiment: Continental Deserters. The forces met near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, as Howe moved to take Philadelphia, then the American capital. [23] Map 2 reflects the deployment of British forces along Osborne Hill for the flank attack and the repositioning of American forces consisting of the divisions of Sullivan, Sterling and Stephen to block the British advance. This video is about reenactment of the Battle of Brandywine on its 240th anniversary. We know what you did for us. On September 11, 1777, General George Washington was determined to prevent the British from capturing the American seat of government, Philadelphia. Five additional staff assisted the primary field and staff including: Surgeons Mate Hamilton, Sgt. [3] Each of those individuals and many others who suffered both physical and psychological wounds associated with a savage civil war had a name and a story to tell. [11] Thomas Lynch Montgomery, ed. The rebel commander in chief grossly underestimated the marching ability of the British and his opponent’s daring. British Forces was commanded by Gen. William Howe and consisted of about 15,500 Soldiers. Readers who would like to learn more about the origins of Thomas Paine's thinking that emerged in Rights of Man are invited to view and listen to an online conversation…, Unexpectedly, today, I found your account:'The Widow's Apron: Life, Death, And A forgotten Skirmish Along The Blackstock Road." ] five men deserted, four enlisting into Loyalist units. [ 36 ] Montgomery, Pennsylvania, as moved... Pennsylvania regimental strength of 332 officer and men [ 22 ] Sullivan,.... 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[ 44 ] Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783, roll 83 that battle of brandywine casualty list were several people involved in Revolution...

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